The Bowling Association for the Disabled (Singapore), or BADS, in short, is a non-profit sports association. BADS was set up with the objective to create bowling environments and opportunities for all disabled persons in Singapore, regardless of background, ability, and experience. In collaboration with the Singapore Disability Sports Council (SDSC), their ultimate aim is to organise and co-ordinate bowling activities with the intent to train an elite team of disabled bowlers to represent Singapore in international competitions.
Bowling is an inherently adaptable sport. Hence, it can be easily catered to disabled persons through the use of adapted equipment. For instance, ramps and balls with equipped handles are available for children or bowlers who are unable to use their fingers to hold and/or swing the ball. Rails are also available for the blind and visually impaired as a guide for ball delivery. Furthermore, for new players or children, gutter rails can be set up to generate interest in the sport.
Like other para-sports, Tenpin Bowling also has classifications to make sure that athletes compete with others of the same abilities. According to the International Bowls for the Disabled (IBD), the recognized classifications are:
|B1||No light perception in either eyes, and no recognition of hand movements at any distance or any direction [allowed to play as B2, B3 or B4 as well].|
|B2||Has the ability to recognize hand movements up to a visual acuity of 2/60 (Berkeley Rudimentary Test), and/or a visual field of less than 5 degrees [allowed to play as B3 or B4].|
|B3||Has a visual acuity of better then 2/60 up to a visual acuity of 6/60, and/or a visual field of more than 5 degrees and less than 20 degrees [allowed to play as B4].|
|B4||A visual acuity up to 6/24, and/or a visual field of less than 20 degrees.|
|B5||Ambulant and wheelchair bowlers with restricted grip and upper body limb function, poor balance and coordination, and unable to bowl a full-length end or needing a splinting device to do so [allowed to play as B6, B7 or B8].|
|B6||Ambulant and wheelchair bowlers with reduced balance function (a loss of 5 points or more on the bench test) but are able to bowl at a full-length end [allowed to play as B7 or B8].|
|B7||Ambulant and wheelchair bowlers with minor balance problems (a loss of less than 5 points on the bench test) [allowed to play as B8].|
|B8||Ambulant bowlers, who have a permanent and irreversible disability, have lost 10 points on the bench test, but have minimal noticeable impairment of function.|